With its long coastline, Morocco serves up wonderful fresh fish dishes. This tajine offers a way to perfectly cook tuna and surround it with light and savory Moroccan flavors. Adapted from a recipe by Bert Greene in The Grains Cookbook.
1–2 T olive oil
1 medium yellow onion, halved and sliced
1 clove minced garlic
1 and 1/2 bell peppers, cored, seeded, and cut into strips*
1/2 fresh jalapeño pepper
1 and 1/2 teaspoons semolina or chickpea flour
2–3 sprigs fresh thyme, or 1/4 t dried thyme
1/2 teaspoon anchovy paste
1 large or 2 medium fresh tomatoes, coarsely chopped**
3/4 c stock
1 recipe couscous or cooked quinoa
1 small zucchini, cut in half lengthwise and then sliced vertically in 1/4-1/2 inch slices
3/4 pound fresh tuna, cut into 1/2-inch thick slices
1 tablespoon butter
1/2 cup chopped fresh herbs (parsley, mint, cilantro)
1/4 cup pitted black oil-cured olives
1 preserved lemon***
Harissa or sriracha to taste
Prior to beginning the tagine, make your couscous or quinoa according to package directions. Keep the finished grain covered on the stove with the burner off to keep it warm, or place, covered, in a 200º oven.
Heat a skillet (cast iron is great if you have it) over medium-high heat. When hot, add 1 Tablespoon oil. When oil is hot, add onions and saute til beginning to brown, 3-4 minutes. Add peppers, and saute another 4 minutes. Add garlic and stir til fragrant.
Clear an area in the middle of the pan and sear off the tuna, no more than a minute per side. Remove to a plate. Do the same with the zucchini, adding more oil if needed; the zucchini will take a little longer to sear than the tuna, oddly enough. Remove that to the same plate.
Sprinkle the semolina or chickpea flour over the vegetables and stir til incorporated. Add the thyme, anchovy paste, tomato, and stir in, then pour in the broth. Heat to boiling, then lower to a hard simmer and cook 5 minutes. Add the seared tuna and zucchini to the top of the pan, cover, and turn off heat. Let rest for 5 minutes; the tuna will be perfectly done.
Stir butter and some of the chopped herbs into the couscous or quinoa. Place in a shallow bowl, and top with a portion of tagine. Garnish with more herbs, olives, preserved lemon, and harissa or (in a pinch) sriracha.
*Use any combo of bell peppers that you like: yellow, green, red, orange
**To peel the tomato, I use a fine bladed vegetable peeler. Moroccan cooks often grate the tomato, skin, seeds, and all, so that’s an option.
For an easy way to make couscous, see the Root Vegetable Tajine.
***Preserved lemons are available at World Market and in your local Middle Eastern grocery (often under the label “Pickled Lemons”). They’re easy to make at home (this video tells you how), but they also require a month of sitting time. I recommend you buy a jar to use while you wait for yours to cure. First, rinse the lemon well, then cut open and remove the seeds. Some people prefer to remove the interior part of the lemon, but I like to just chop up the whole thing once the seeds are out.